The Federal Reserve announced that economic factors “are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels for the federal funds rate at least through late 2014.”
This will, no doubt, influence interest rates through this period, but this is not the sole determinant of a company’s interest rate as noted in my post “Seems Smart Now“.
For example, the debt market for corporations, both large and small, is influenced by supply and demand factors in addition to the benchmark federal funds rate. The predicted reduction in demand for corporate debt by collateralized loan obligation (CLO) funds suggests that companies may see higher new issue interest rates. In contrast, any increase in demand by other lenders such as high yield bond and “relative value” investors may ease rates.
The recent post, “No Loan Left Behind“, by Randy Schwimmer of Churchill Middle Market Finance, now a unit of The Carlyle Group, describes these supply and demand forces at work on the larger size loan market (size above $100 million).
To support Randy’s view that high yield investors are supplying critical demand, this week one of my clients successfully priced its first high yield bond replacing other financing sources.
My message is that while Fed action gets the headlines, there are several other factors at work, behind the headlines, which influence a company’s debt rate.